Treatise on Instrumentation (Dover Books on Music) [Hector Berlioz, Richard Strauss] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. The most influential. Book Source: Digital Library of India Item : Hector ioned. Berlioz was one of the first composers to deal greatly with orchestration. In this treatise he talks about what the different sounds that instruments make (tone.

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Trfatise renders these admirably in cantabile passages. This cost-cutting method is intolerable: Te Deum8th movement; the original version of the Royal Hunt and Storm from Les Troyens was written for saxhorns, which nowadays are replaced by horns, trumpets, and cornets; the same applies to the great finale the Trojan March of Act I of Les Troyens ].

Its timbre is incomparably nobler than that of ophicleides, bombardons and serpents, and has something of the vibration of the timbre of a trombone.

This can be seen in the solo in the minor in the recapitulation of the 1st movement of the symphony in A [ example: Any well-organised concert orchestra must be set out in this way. As for grouping them together, whether in small or large ensembles, and the art of combining and blending them so that the sound of some is modified by others, or in order to draw from the ensemble a special sound that none of them could produce in isolation or when combined with instruments of the same family — for that the only viable approach is to draw attention to the results obtained by the masters and indicate the methods they used.

Spontini was the first to use it in his triumphal march in La Vestale and a little later in a few pieces in Fernand Cortezwhere it was well motivated.

Grand traité d’instrumentation et d’orchestration modernes, Op.10 (Berlioz, Hector)

It is the voice of heroic love. Unless one wishes to trample common sense and all artistic principles it is quite impossible to use such instruments merely to provide the harmony. The sounds of the second octave can be very suitable for pieces of a joyful character, and the whole dynamic range can be used. That is why small orchestras, whatever the merits of individual players, have so little impact, and are consequently of little value.

A timpani stick with sponge head, or a bass drum stick, is sometimes used to set a cymbal vibrating when suspended by its thong.

Barbaric it is nonetheless, since quite apart from the harmonic congestion produced, it necessarily introduces into the harmony the most dreadful chaos through the unavoidable inversion of chords. In many orchestras these are the only sticks used and this is a great pity. It was first published in after being serialised in many parts prior to this date and had a chapter added by Berlioz on instrumentayion in No one in my view has made a more dramatic use of this special sound of the trombones trwatise Spontini in the incomparable funeral march of La Vestale: Since we are now used to hear it playing in dance orchestras melodies that are more or less devoid of originality and distinction, and since its timbre has neither the nobility of the horn nor the pride of the trumpet, it is rather difficult to introduce the cornet to the elevated melodic style.


On the other hand when M.

Treatise on Instrumentation – Wikipedia

It was no good for the innovator to say: Instrumentayion cause each key to sound both the fundamental note and the octave or double octave of the note, or the double octave without the octave, or even the octave above and the octave below simultaneously. Those of the lower register are particularly suited, especially with held notes, for those coldly threatening effects, and for the dark tones of still rage which Weber ingeniously invented.

In general this is true.

No other available instrument could produce this kind of harmonious flutter which the piano has no difficulty in rendering, and which the sylph-like character of the piece requires. Yet even in this case the organ would not really blend with the other instruments, but would answer and question them.

Assisted by the low notes of two clarinets in A and B flat this gives the passage the sinister timbre which evokes the feelings of terror and fear which permeate this immortal scene. Translated instrumebtation Theodore Front.

Given time, care and the necessary expenditurethis is how it could be done in Paris. The notes of the bottom range have a rather istrumentation timbre and the instrument must not be used below the low A. In some cases they would soften their brilliance, in others they would give warmth to the impetus of the music, by means of the tremolo which can lend a musical quality even to drum rolls by blending with them.

Views Read Edit View history. One may mention here that the usual practice in the orchestra is to divide the violins into two groups, first and second, but there is no reason why they should not each be subdivided further into two or three parts, depending on treatiwe the composer is trying to achieve.

This buzzing chaos, full of strange noises and hideous grunts, is completed or compounded by the other players, who are either more dedicated or more confident of their ability, and who labour in a fruitless attempt to perform the passage entirely as written.

Composers must therefore be very careful to ask from the double-basses only what is possible and where there is no doubt that the passage can be correctly played. Any sounding body that is used by a composer is a musical instrument. The Treatise is also available in an up-to-date English translation with detailed commentary: As a result viola players were incapable of playing either the violin or the viola.

The upper notes have a somewhat painful and suffering character, I might call it almost pitiful; these can sometimes be used in a slow melody, or in an accompanying passage, with the most striking results. As a result it has become the solo instrument that is indispensable for quadrilles, galops, variations and other second-rate compositions.


The percussion instruments on their own; particular attention will be given to getting the timpani players to tune their instruments properly. The effect then becomes incomparably more powerful and beautiful.

Treatise On Instrumentation

Nowadays violas are often divided into first and second. Great importance seems to be attached nowadays to this art of instrumentation, which was unknown at the start of the previous century; sixty years ago, many who were regarded as true friends of music tried to hinder its development. Then it sings a gentle lament, and rises to express reproach, deep grief, and the cry of a heart torn by incurable wounds.

Instrjmentation is Weber in my opinion who more than any other master has succeeded in making the most original, poetic and complete use of the instrument. The strings of the top octave have a delicate and crystalline sound of voluptuous freshness; this makes them ideal for expressing graceful, fairylike ideas, and for whispering the gentlest secrets of smiling melodies. The poverty of the writing of older composers is obviously preferable to this ignorant and hateful wastage.

Almost at once a new kind of pedantry arose: It is rather like a bull escaped from its stable and frolicking in a salon. Since berliox do not regard pizzicato as an integral part of the art of violin playing they have hardly studied it.

Berlioz Treatise on orchestration

On the contrary, treatisr being relegated to the central and lowest point of the hall, in front of the footlights and on a horizontal plane, the players are insfrumentation of most of the advantages that derive from the layout I have described for concert orchestras. Violins are faithful, intelligent, active and tireless servants.

The composer may at will make it sing a chorus of priests, threaten, utter a subdued lament, whisper a funeral dirge, raise instrumentaton hymn of glory, break out in dreadful cries, or sound its formidable call for the awakening of the dead or the death of the living. Many composers studied the work closely, such as MussorgskyMahlerR.

The upper notes played fortissimo are excellent for violent and shattering effects, as for example in a storm or in a piece of a ferocious or infernal character. The timbre of the treagise, so incisive and domineering, is far from similar to that of the ophicleide. But when eight, ten, twelve or more drums play rhythmic accompaniments or crescendo rolls in a military march, they can provide magnificent and powerful support for wind instruments.